1-888-644-3691 Speak with one of our consultants today.

testosterone productionTestosterone is important as it maintains our physical strength, our focus, and our mood, but do you an idea about testosterone production? How is it made?

It’s not just an academic question. An understanding of how our bodies produce testosterone leads to an understanding of what might cause our bodies to stop producing enough of the stuff­, and understanding a problem is the first step to solving it.

 

Testosterone Production 101 – The Three Types of Testosterone

In essence, testosterone is a steroid hormone. The changes and benefits it triggers in the body are detailed right over here. The average male human creates 7mg of testosterone per day, but there are actually three di­fferent types. Not all of it is usable by the body, or at least not to produce the eff­ects you’re probably looking for.

testosterone productionFree Testosterone

Free testosterone is so named because it has no attached proteins. It’s free to float through the bloodstream, and isn’t bonded to any other molecules. Free testosterone is the type of testosterone that has all those great physical and mental benefits, because it’s able to roam our bodies and activate receptors in various cells. Even though this is the kind of testosterone we think of as the most beneficial, it has the smallest concentration of the three. It only comprises about 2%-3% of our total testosterone levels. Everything we do for testosterone production is really meant to increase free testosterone, but the best way to do that is to raise our overall levels.

testosterone-production-3SHBG-Bound Testosterone

This type of the male hormone makes up about 40%-50% of our total testosterone levels. It’s bound to SHBG (sex hormone-binding-globulin), which is a protein produced in the liver. It regulates the amount of free testosterone in the body. SHBG-Bound Testosterone is what’s known as “biologically inactive”, meaning it doesn’t actually have any other e­ffect in our bodies beyond helping regulate our total levels. This type of T doesn’t have harmful eff­ects either, but it is why a man might test with adequately high testosterone levels but still experience the symptoms of testosterone deficiency.

testosterone-production-4Albumin-Bound Testosterone

This makes up the remainder of our total testosterone. It’s bound to the protein albumin, which is also produced in the liver. Its function is to stabilize fluid volumes between our cells. Albumin-Bound Testosterone is also biologically inactive, but unlike the SHBG-Bound variety, its bond can be broken. That converts it back into free testosterone, making the stuff­ sort of testosterone reserve supply.

About 95% of our testosterone is produced in the testicles. The rest is made in our adrenal glands, which is why the hormone is present in women as well. For men, though, it’s almost entirely the testicles.

It’s a pretty complex process that results in the male hormone. Learn about testosterone production in this basic rundown:

testosterone-production-5The hypothalamus (part of the brain) secretes gonadotropin-releasing hormone. This stuff­ loops around to the back of the brain and hits the pituitary gland.

 

 

 

 

testosterone-production-6The pituitary gland receives the gonadotropin-releasing hormone, and responds by producing two more hormones. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Both of these natural chemicals enter the bloodstream and make their way to the testicles.

 

 

 

testosterone-production-7Once they’ve arrived down there, the FSH and LH do two di­fferent things. FSH initiates sperm production (important!), while LH kicks off­ testosterone production (just as important!)

 

 

 

 

testosterone productionThe actual cells that create the testosterone are called Leydig cells. They work by converting cholesterol into testosterone. That cholesterol literally comes from the bloodstream, which is why a healthy level of T can actually improve your heart health. It’s also the reason eating eggs is so beneficial to testosterone levels!

 

 

 

testosterone productionDuring testosterone production, it’s released by the testicles into the bloodstream. Most of the stuff­ attaches to SHBG and albumin, nullifying its e­ffects. It’s the small amount that remains free that aids our strength, focus, sexual drive, and all the other great benefits of testosterone.

 

 

Here’s a handy chart of the HPA-axis:

testosterone production

Image source: Wikipedia

In essence, testosterone is a steroid hormone. The changes and benefits it triggers in the body are detailed right over here. The average male human creates 7mg of testosterone per day, but there are actually three different types. Not all of it is usable by the body, or at least not to produce the effects you’re probably looking for.

Hormone Therapeutics aims to help people looking to improve and optimize their health through natural means or through the guidance of our physicians.

Don’t miss out our free weekly tips and news on Low T, hormone balancing, healthy living, nutrition and a lot more.

 Want more? 

naturally-increase-your-testosterone-levels-ebook

Sign up today and Get our ebook, ‘Naturally Increase Your Testosterone Levels’ absolutely FREE.

 

Here’s What You Should Know about Testosterone Production

Saleamp Design November 4th, 2016

Posted In: Low T Info

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Comment

testosterone levelsHow Do I know my Testosterone levels?

With all this information on testosterone and the benefits of maintaining proper testosterone levels, you might be wondering about the specific testosterone levels you have seen. What is a normal testosterone levels? How much testosterone are you supposed to have, and how do you find out your current level? Well, it’s a tricky question. Part of the problem is that despite years of eff­orts and calls for action, hormone testing is still not universally standardized.

There has been positive movement towards a standard set of testing, but we’re not there yet. The other issue is that many doctors don’t agree on just how much testosterone a person, male or female, should have in their bodies. There is a rough “normal range”, but some doctors seem to play a little fast and loose with the low and high ends of the range.

Many doctors and labs don’t take into account factors like age and physical condition, and it means that you might have to do some research on your own or see a specialist to really understand your testosterone situation.

testosterone levelsFlaws in the Accepted Blood Testing System

LabCorp uses a Total Testosterone range of 348 – 1197 ng/dl (nanograms per deciliter). According to this reference range, one man with a 355 ng/dl would be considered normal while his neighbor at 345 ng/dl would be considered to have low testosterone and if they were lucky their health insurance would cover Testosterone Replacement Therapy. Also, a neighbour across the street might have a Total Testosterone level of 1150 ng/dl and he would also be considered normal like the man with a 355 ng/dl. Only a few years ago LabCorp and the insurance companies considered 249 the lower end of normal rather than 348.

The biggest problem comes when age is not factored into the analysis and 355 ng/dl is considered normal whether the patient was 20, 40, 60 or 80?! It also does not matter if the patient was obese, super fit, thin, had a pituitary gland issue or exhibited any of the symptoms of low testosterone?!?!

testosterone levelsThis is why having an excellent medical team to assess your blood tests, physical and medical history is critical. We rarely know what our baseline was from age 19 and everyone has their own sweet spot across Testosterone and all of the other hormones.

The fact that reference ranges don’t break patients down by age or health status explains why a 30-year-old man can go to his doctor with all of the symptoms of low T, only to be told that his T levels are fine because they’re within the “normal” range. If you’re 30 (or even 50), but have the same testosterone level as an 80-year-old, diabetic man, your doc may say you’re okay, but you’re still not going to feel good. Plain and simple.

Contact Hormone Therapeutics to get blood tested and a Physician evaluation of your results and treatment options!

Reference Ranges for Testosterone Levels in Men

So, in the interests helping you with of self-directed research, here are average testosterone levels for men up to age 54. The figure to pay attention to here is “Mean Total Test”, which is the average level for men of that age. This data is taken from a 1996 study involving hundreds of participants.

If you have your testosterone levels tested and your levels are approximately at the mean level for your age, then you probably don’t su­ffer from low testosterone.

testosterone levels

Optimal Testosterone Levels

testosterone levelsOf course, just because you’re not suffering from medically low testosterone doesn’t mean you wouldn’t benefit from more. Those numbers are the average levels only, not the best levels. Research hasn’t determined a hard and fast rule for the optimal levels of testosterone. Some men are fine at the low end of the normal range, while others need to be at the very top to feel their best. What’s normal and what’s optimal?

Anecdotal evidence shows that many men start to feel the effects of low testosterone at the 500 ng/dl mark. Although this shouldn’t be taken as gospel, it does seem that staying above 500 ng/dl is a good idea for most men.

Overly high levels of testosterone typically aren’t something people need to worry about. Although there are detrimental effects to having too much testosterone, such as thick blood and sleep apnea, excess testosterone isn’t a common condition. To be sure, it’s highly unlikely that anyone would reach those levels by following the natural and food-based advice listed here.

How to Test Your Testosterone Levels

Contact Hormone Therapeutics for a Free Low T evaluation and if you exhibits symptoms we will set up your comprehensive blood tests. Contact us right now!

Hormone Therapeutics aims to help people looking to improve and optimize their health through natural means or through the guidance of our physicians.

Don’t miss out our free weekly tips and news on Low T, hormone balancing, healthy living, nutrition and a lot more.

 Want more? 

naturally-increase-your-testosterone-levels-ebook

Sign up today and Get our ebook, ‘Naturally Increase Your Testosterone Levels’ absolutely FREE.

Here’s What You Should Know More about Testosterone Levels

Saleamp Design November 1st, 2016

Posted In: Low T Info

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

3 Comments

increase-testosteroneA host of human hormone research studies have demonstrated that, in order to improve health and naturally increase testosterone levels, it must go hand-in-hand.

The hard part of sifting through all of that complex research is that it’s often difficult to tell the cart from the horse. Health and Testosterone are so closely linked in men that it’s hard to see when low T causes poor health, or when poor health causes low T.

Do we become healthier when we naturally increase testosterone levels, or by making positive lifestyle changes, do our bodies naturally increase testosterone levels? One thing that is clear, though, is that by taking manageable steps to naturally increase your testosterone, you’re putting yourself into a Win/Win situation. These lifestyle choices are just good health advice, and they also increase your T. We have also seen a scientific study of 83,000 US veterans over a 15 year period assessing the benefits of Testosterone Therapy.

This study showed that US veterans with low testosterone, supplemented under Physician guidance back to normal levels have lower incidence of heart attack, stroke, prostate cancer and mortality.

Top 7 Reasons to Naturally Increase Testosterone Levels

Here are our Top Seven reasons to naturally increase testosterone levels that will undoubtedly make you a much happier and healthier Man (increasing testosterone does help with all of the symptoms and issues caused by Low T):

increase-testosterone3Increase Muscle Mass and Overall Strength

There is no doubt that an increase in testosterone will positively impact your entire muscular system by increasing crucial muscle protein synthesis that contributes directly to muscular growth. An upgrade for your muscular system, at any and every age, will naturally lead to a healthier, more confident and capable you.

 

increase-testosterone4Increase Overall Heart Health

The heart is the single most important muscle in your body. An increase in testosterone will not, by itself, lead to the prevention of cardiovascular disease, but the direct benefits derived from naturally increasing your Testosterone level will lead directly to more sustainable cardiovascular health if your physician monitors and manages the patients red blood cell count and hematocrit levels.

 

increase-testosterone5Decrease Your Body Fat Percentage

Every medical study has proven that men su­ffering from obesity have a consistently lower-than-average testosterone level (and coinciding above-average estrogen levels) and there are clear reasons for this. When our testosterone levels decrease, insulin and glucose regulation decreases accordingly as the body’s natural ability to metabolize fat also declines. Testosterone levels play a crucial role in the body’s insulin and glucose regulation as well as the body’s ability to metabolize fat.

 

increase-testosterone6Fortify Your Skeletal System

As we age, men can suff­er from the debilitating e­ffects of osteoporosis but testosterone is an often overlooked health ingredient that plays a significant factor in overall bone density and strength. Testosterone is a key component in e­ffective bone mineralization and resorption, increasingly important as we age and our bones tend to lose a degree of density.

 

increase-testosterone7Reignite the Libido

The hard fact is that the primary function of testosterone is as a vital reproductive hormone. It returns desire as well as sexual function.

 

 

increase-testosterone8Cognitive Ability

Testosterone helps regulate cortisone, which is a stress hormone, and a­ffects the efficiency of our brain’s neurotransmitters. When men suff­er from decreased testosterone levels they lose some ability to eff­ectively regulate cortisol levels, which can cause neurotransmitters malfunction and lapses in memory.

 

 

increase-testosterone9Delay, Decrease or O­ffset Eff­ects of Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s and dementia are most frequent in 65+ men often caused by Andropause. In addition, a healthy testosterone level is a distinct competitive advantage in the game that we call “life”. Feel the way you used to feel and improve your drive, confidence, energy, look, outlook, sexual interest and function while living a healthier life.

 

Hormone Therapeutics Physician Guided Testosterone Replacement Therapy

increase-testosterone10These are all improvements you can achieve through natural means. Natural means will increase testosterone levels, however, they will not always optimize your levels to where you feel the way you used to feel for reasons including hypogonadism, aging, health conditions and more. These are great healthy ways to live your life, however, the expert Hormone and Testosterone physicians at Hormone Therapeutics can put you on a proper Testosterone and Hormone Replacement Therapy program.

Hormone Therapeutics will assess your symptoms and complete medical history. We will schedule your complete blood tests. We will interview you and then develop a program specifically for you. We will give you another blood test at the 6-8 week mark of treatment and also a 24 point self-evaluation of the progress against the symptoms of low testosterone.

After further blood testing and evaluation of your progress we can adjust your treatment as needed. The treatment could include supplemental testosterone, HCG to encourage your system to naturally produce more testosterone, estrogen blockers to manage your Estradiol : Total Testosterone ratio and optimize hormone balance. There are also many other factors and tests we can assess and other treatments we can consider depending on your unique situation.

Always start with a natural approach to optimizing your health. Good clean living, a healthy diet, exercise and sleep patterns will go a long way to giving you the life and health you desire. Our Physicians are here to help you.

OPTIMIZE YOUR HEALTH!

Hormone Therapeutics will help you increase testosterone levels the natural way, working with you and getting you back to feeling how you remember feeling went you felt great! Contact us for a free evaluation. www.hormonetherapeutics.com/contact-us/

Hormone Therapeutics aims to help people looking to improve and optimize their health through natural means or through the guidance of our physicians.

Don’t miss out our free weekly tips and news on Low T, hormone balancing, healthy living, nutrition and a lot more.

 Want more? naturally-increase-your-testosterone-levels-ebook

Sign up today and Get our ebook, ‘Naturally Increase Your Testosterone Levels’ absolutely FREE. 

Top 7 Reasons to Naturally Increase Testosterone Levels

Saleamp Design October 4th, 2016

Posted In: Low T Info

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Comment

Do you keep noticing commercials about Low Testosterone symptoms, or Low T, and wonder what exactly they are talking about? Are you wondering if you have Low T? We have yet to meet anyone nearing 40, or older, who sees these commercials and can consistently say I never feel like that with the same pep I did when I was younger.

For healthy men, testosterone peaks at age 19 and goes down about 1-2% a year for the rest of your life. We are living 64% longer today than we were just one century ago and different parts of our body age faster than other. An unbalanced or depleted endocrine system has so many men are suffering from the Low Testosterone symptoms. . . but they don’t have to suffer from what so many people just write-off as normal aging.

 

What is Testosterone?

low testosterone symptoms

Testosterone is a naturally occurring and very potent hormone produced in large amounts by all males (and in much smaller amounts in females). Production begins in the womb and then gradually increases for weeks from birth.

Initially, it fortifies the development of male genitalia, then gradually aff­ects every vital physiological system (muscular, circulatory, skeletal, reproductive, etc.)

After reaching physical maturity, testosterone plays a major role in the healthy development of male sexuality. Testosterone levels drastically surge during the onset of puberty. Levels peak at 19, then level o­ and begin to drop by the mid-30s, by about 1% per year.

 

 What are the Low Testosterone Symptoms?

Except in cases of hypogonadism (medically low testosterone) when it occurs much earlier, most men begin to feel many of the symptoms of low testosterone by their 40s. It’s one reason why our physical and mental capabilities begin to diminish as we age, and it may even contribute to the following life and relationship altering conditions of Low T:

testosterone-symptoms1

  • Loss of Muscular Mass and Strength
  • Reduction in Bone Density
  • Loss of Skin Elasticity
  • Hair Loss/Male Pattern
  • Baldness
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of Concentration or Memory
  • Weight Gain
  • Gynecomastia
  • Hot Flashes
  • Lower Sex Drive
  • Urinary Problems
  • Sleep Problems
  • Irritability
  • Night Sweats
  • Hypogonadism
  • Adrenal Fatigue
  • Thyroid Health

There is a syndrome called Irritable Male Syndrome, or IMS, that’s caused by low testosterone. It is not just having a low libido. This syndrome includes emotional withdrawal, lack of motivation, aggression, personality changes, and anxiety. Irritable Man Syndrome can also present in self-destructive activities including gambling, alcoholism and workaholism.

Sound like you? Low testosterone a­ffects over 13.8 million men in the US. Many of these men are in their 30s and even 20s due to hypogonadism.

Low T effects go beyond sex drive and mood. Testosterone deficiency increases the risk for cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and bone fractures. Low testosterone increases mortality risk.

800 men were followed for 50 years and the men with the lowest testosterone levels had a 33% greater chance of death, from all causes, than the group with the highest testosterone levels. Another study showed that men with low testosterone had 88% higher mortality levels than men with normal testosterone.

 

Hormone Therapeutics aims to help people looking to improve and optimize their health through natural means or through the guidance of our physicians.

Don’t miss out our free weekly tips and news on Low T, hormone balancing, healthy living, nutrition and a lot more.

 Want more? naturally-increase-your-testosterone-levels-ebook

Sign up today and Get our ebook, ‘Naturally Increase Your Testosterone Levels’ absolutely FREE. 

Wondering About Low T? Here are the Low Testosterone Symptoms You Should Know

Saleamp Design September 30th, 2016

Posted In: Low T Info

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Comment

Any significant research into TRT will likely also discuss aromatase inhibitor and estrogen management.  You will definitely find this on the ‘Bro-Science’ bodybuilding sites focusing on bulking and supraphysiological dosages of testosterone and other anabolic-androgenic steroids that aromatize to estrogen and estradiol.  

What is an aromatase inhibitor  and what does it do?  

Aromatase is the enzyme complex that converts androgens like testosterone into estradiol in men.  Weight gain and aging increase the risk for testosterone conversion into estradiol.  Estradiol is the “bad estrogen”, responsible for issues including (often) prostate issues, gynocomastia and erectile/libido/hormonal problems. Men find aromotase in their fat cells and as they expand our estradiol will find itself increasing at the same time our testosterone levels dwindle.   

An aromatase inhibitors binds to aromatase, disabling it. 

Why take an aromatase inhibitor?

AIs will reduce Estradiol levels.  Symptoms of high estradiol include gynecomastia (male breast development and enlargement) and edema (fluid retention in the extremities).

Avoid or Reverse Gynecomastia – Estradiol plays a major role in gynocomastia and an AI like Arimidex (anastrozole) – occasionally letrozole is used – is quite effective in managing estradiol levels.  The most important thing is to blood test and measure the estradiol levels and look at is on it’s own and as a % of Total Testosterone levels.   if a man goes over a total testosterone of about 600 ng/dl, he will very likely need an aromatase inhibitor.  The symptoms for elevated estradiol can mimic those for low testosterone, including  mood issues, low libido, erectile dysfunction and other estrogenic side effects.

Did you really want to see a before pic?

Did you really want to see a before pic?

Clinical research has looked into the use of aromatase inhibitors as an option to testosterone replacement in older men, and to delay bone closure in adolescent boys who are short, to allow them to gain more height. 

 

Is Estradiol important?  Role in men of Estradiol:

Since Estradiol is known as a female hormone and elevated levels can cause gynecomastia or edema, many men believe they need to eliminate or suppress it.  This is not true, the body produces estrogens in men because we need it.

Estradiol is important in determining bone mineral density in men. Low levels may lead to bone loss and osteoporosis in elderly men.  Low estradiol levels increase fat and decrease sex drive and erectile function.

We do not know the optimal estreadiol range but do know that low levels are not good.  We also believe taking anastrozole without clinically diagnosed high estradiol levels and symptoms (gynecomastia and edema) can be counterproductive for men on testosterone therapy.  Get your advice from a trained HRT/TRT physician and not someone in the gym or a “Bro-science” website. 

Potential side effects of Aromatase inhibitors

Aromatase deficiency has been linked to increased insulin resistance, which is a precursor to type 2 diabetes. Animal studies have shown that an absence of aromatase in male rats increases insulin resistance as well as body fat, and “fatty liver” develops. When young, healthy men were given an aromatase inhibitor, they developed slightly increased body fat, particularly within the waist (i.e., intra-abdominal fat). This type of fat is associated with the development of metabolic syndrome, which includes insulin resistance.

Patients with low testosterone should be wary of automatically using aromatase inhibitors, due to a number of potential metabolic effects. For the AAS using bodybuilder, aromatase inhibitors can be necessary to combat aromatization from supraphysiologic testosterone and other AAS dosages.  The most important thing is to work under the guidance of a trained HRT/TRT physician and get tested regularly.

 

Aromatase inhibitor benefits and side effects as part of Testosterone Therapy

Saleamp Design September 13th, 2016

Posted In: Low T Info

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Comment

testosterone therapyIn a major new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, testosterone therapy was found to improve physical ability and mood as well as sexual function. The study was a collaboration of researchers from 12 medical centers spanning the United States.

Mark E. Molitch, MD, an endocrinologist, was one of the authors of the study. Dr. Molitch is the Martha Leland Sherwin professor in medicine-endocrinology at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

“In recent years, talk about low testosterone and its treatments have become part of the public discussion,” explained Molitch. “Yet questions have always lingered about the treatment’s effectiveness and safety. I believe the results of this large, nationwide study will provide doctors and patients answers and guidance they’ve been looking for.”

Link between Testosterone, Mood, Libido and Physical Health

The team’s purpose was to determine the link, if any, between testosterone levels and the mood, libido, and physical ability of men over the age of 65. It is a well-established fact that a man’s testosterone levels and production decrease as he ages. Many men also experience lowered sex drive and energy levels as they become older, tiring and fatiguing more easily. For the first time, low testosterone has been established as the cause of these symptoms.

Testosterone Therapy Study Grant

Previously, the Institute for Men reported that there was insufficient evidence of testosterone therapy’s beneficial effects, if any. A grant from the National Institute on Aging and National Institutes of Health funded the new study to determine low testosterone could be the cause of what many consider the normal effects of aging.

Health Study on Testosterone Therapy

The subjects of the study were 790 men, all of whom were over the age of 65 and tested for low blood testosterone, as well as suffering from decreased sexual desire and physical function. Some participants in the study were given testosterone treatments in the form of a gel to apply directly to the skin. The medication increased the subjects’ testosterone levels to the normal range for men aged 19-40. The treatments and study of their effects lasted for over a year.

The study participants who received the testosterone treatments did not report increased energy, but their mood, libido, and physical function did improve. By measuring the distance walked in six minutes, the researchers were able to determine a small increase in the physical abilities of men in the study. There was also a decrease in symptoms of depression, such as feelings of sadness and listlessness.

“Men in the study experienced an increased sexual desire and small improvements in their mood and physical function,” explained Molitch. “Importantly, there was no evidence of an increase in heart or other cardiovascular issues in those who received testosterone compared to a placebo. And we monitored the men in this study for at least a year after receiving treatment.”

The study is expected to lead to further research in the potential applications of testosterone therapy in treating many of the problems that come with age. By firmly showing the link between low testosterone and decreased sexual activity, mood, and physical capabilities, the door is open to developing treatments for these common ailments.

 

Revealed: Testosterone Therapy May Enhance Sexual Drive and Energy Levels

Saleamp Design April 26th, 2016

Posted In: Testosterone Therapy

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

One Comment

male depression and testosteroneMale depression is not as well understood as female hormonal depression.  The effect of female sex hormones on our mood and psyche has been well-documented. Phenomena such as post-partum depression and mood swings just prior to menstruation are well-known, and there have been a number of scientific studies confirming them.

Until recently, though, the link between our mood and the male sex hormone testosterone has not been nearly as well understood. A study conducted by researchers at MedUni Vienna and published in Biological Psychiatry offers the first glimpse into how testosterone affects our mood.

Testosterone and Male Depression

In a nutshell, the study concluded that there is a direct link between testosterone levels and feelings of happiness. Testosterone also supports existing antidepressant medications, allowing them to work better.

As they age, men typically become more prone to depression. Conventional wisdom has been that the drop-off in testosterone production is to blame, but the new study is the first to show that testosterone actually increases the number of serotonin transporters in the brain.

How Serotonin levels Contribute to Male Depression

Serotonin is the neurotransmitter, or brain chemical, most responsible for feelings of well-being and happiness. Serotonin transporters are proteins that help regulate the concentration of serotonin in our brains. By increasing their number, the overall serotonin levels in our brains also increase, contributing to our emotional well-being.

Antidepressant drugs bind to these proteins, as well. By increasing production of serotonin transporters, testosterone creates a better environment for these medications, allowing them to more effectively treat male depression.

The MedUni Vienna researchers worked with transsexuals undergoing hormone therapy in the course of their study. Georg Kranz, the study’s primary author, explained the design of the study.

“Transsexuals are people who feel that they are living in the wrong body and who therefore want high doses of opposite gender hormone therapy to adapt their appearance to that of the other gender. Genetic women are given testosterone, while genetic men are given oestradiol and medications to suppress testosterone production.”

Testosterone and Antidepressants

Siegfried Kasper, head of the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy at MedUni Vienna, elaborated further on their findings and results.

“The study has shown that testosterone increases the potential binding sites for commonly prescribed antidepressants such as SSRIs in the brain and therefore provides major insights into how sex hormones affect the human brain and gender differences in psychiatric illnesses.”

Employing positron emission tomography (PET), the researchers were able to measure serotonin transporter levels in the study participants. Four weeks of testosterone therapy resulted in significantly higher serotonin transporter levels. The study established a firm link between testosterone levels in the blood and serotonin transporter levels in the brain.

The study opens up potential applications for testosterone therapy in treating male depression and other emotional disorders. Testosterone improves our mood both directly and by supporting antidepressant medications, and the reverse is also true. Low levels of testosterone can lead to male depression and feelings of sadness.

 

 

Testosterone Therapy Found to Ease Male Depression

Saleamp Design April 22nd, 2016

Posted In: Health & Wellness

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Comment

From Intramuscular Testosterone to Subcutaneous Testosterone Injections

testosterone injectionsThe most common types of testosterone injections are oil-based injectables administered to patients once or twice a week. Popular testosterone supplements, testosterone cypionate, propionate and enanthate have traditionally been injected through Intramuscular means as this was previously seen as the only possible method for providing patients with the testosterone esters. To administer these Intramuscular injections, patients are usually injected with needles measuring 1 inch to 1.5 inches, into the glute or hip, once a week.

However, recent studies have provided a different angle to this practice, saying that administration of these esters does not have to be limited to Intramuscular means. Over the years, there have been multiple studies exploring the possibility of other alternatives to Intramuscular administration. As a result, newer researches have debunked the common perception that Intramuscular administration is the only effective way to inject testosterone, strengthening the case for subcutaneous injections as a means of administering the esters.  Additionally, physicians are also exploring the possibility that subcutaneous injections may address common problems encountered with Intramuscular administration of testosterone.

Subcutaneous injections and less testosterone fluctuations

A common problem encountered with intramuscularly administered testosterone esters is their tendency to cause fluctuating hormone levels.

Intramuscular injections are typically administered weekly.  The patients testosterone levels peak in the first day and then are back to normal levels by day 6 or 7.  If a physician is prescribing monthly or bi-monthly injections the trough the patient develops after a week while waiting for the next injection will send that patient on a roller coaster.   As result, some patients experience a spike in their testosterone levels, where the testosterone serum in their system reaches high doses the following period after injections.

Testosterone Leveling

The peak from the injection comes to an end after several days. Once the hormones are metabolized, what is left is a gradual decrease of the testosterone in the system. Because of this, some patients experience a “peak and trough” fluctuation in hormone levels, resulting in uneven presence of testosterone.

Subcutaneous administration of testosterone serums are being explored as a possible remedy to this issue. A pilot study researching the effects of subcutaneous testosterone injections on hypogonadal males has shown that a smaller, more frequent dose of the serum levels showed peak and trough levels within the normal range for 100% of the patients.

 As an alternative option that can replace Intramuscular injection’s weekly doses of the serum, a subcutaneous injection can be divided into two smaller doses each week. This practice levels the amount of testosterone serum in a patient, preventing large spikes and decreases experienced from intramuscular injection. This results in a more balanced and stable presence of the hormone in the patient.

Subcutaneous Testosterone Injections are Easier

Subcutaneous injections make testosterone administration more convenient for patients

Increased studies showing the viability of subcutaneous hormone administration bring many possibilities for patients going through testosterone treatments.

Aside from providing a more balanced testosterone concentration and more level peaks and troughs, subcutaneous injections are generally seen as more convenient for the patient. As an alternative to intramuscular injections, subcutaneous administration provides a cheap and less painful means of administering hormones.

Because of this, more providers, scientists and companies are exploring options that employ subcutaneously administered testosterone.

Hormone Therapeutics provides you the right method for you

As men age, testosterone concentration decline, causing many symptoms of low testosterone and unsatisfactory changes or difficulties in their lives. However, thanks to increasing medical advancements, these hormonal deficiencies and issues are no longer problems men have to bear on their own.

With the increasing amount of alternatives for testosterone treatment nowadays, it is not difficult for men to find a treatment method that they are comfortable with. As a variety of hormone treatments to supplement endocrine systems are now being made available, men can now choose to improve their quality of life through treatment methods that are best suited for them.

Here at Hormone Therapeutics, we want to help you find the best alternative for you so you can live better. Focused on making sure that each client gets a convenient and affordable solution to their needs, we provide testosterone injections, along with various endocrine treatments in order to improve quality of life.  All our articles have been brought to you by SEO Advisors.

If you have any questions or inquiries regarding subcutaneous testosterone injections or other forms of testosterone or hormone therapy, Hormone Therapeutics will be glad to tell you more about our services and provide a physician evaluation of your options. Give us a call and we will help you learn more about testosterone and hormone therapy and find the best solution for you. 

Revealed: Subcutaneous Testosterone Injections Offer More Favorable Effects

Saleamp Design April 19th, 2016

Posted In: Testosterone Therapy

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

17 Comments

bloodletting for polycythemiaTherapeutic phlebotomy, colloquially known as bloodletting and used to manage red blood cell counts and Hematocrit levels, has a very long history in medical practice. The technique has been used for hundreds if not thousands of years across the globe.

The original logic behind bloodletting is simple but flawed. If disease lives within the blood, then removing the blood must also remove the disease. Of course, today we know that disease isn’t quite that simple. Modern medical practice discarded the technique as ineffective and dangerous.

Recent evidence, though, has brought therapeutic phlebotomy back in very specific cases. There are some medical conditions which can be treated or managed by the controlled removal of red blood cells and iron from the body, and the technique has found new life among today’s doctors.

Treatment of Polycythemia through Bloodletting

One such condition that responds to therapeutic phlebotomy is polycythemia. The word literally translates to “many blood”, and refers to an overproduction of red blood cells in the body. People suffering from polycythemia have blood that is thick, viscous, or “sticky”, and the condition can be fatal. Blood in this state is more difficult for the heart to handle, potentially leading to high blood pressure, heart attack, or stroke.

The disorder can be brought on by a number of factors.

Potential Causes of Polycythemia

  • Stress
  • Medications
  • Heavy smoking
  • Overabundance of testosterone
  • Dehydration
  • Obesity
  • Altitude

Testosterone and High Red Blood Cell Count – Polycythemia

The rise of testosterone replacement therapy has led to an increased instance of polycythemia. Testosterone treatments are wonderfully effective in a variety of cases, but like any medical treatment, it must be administered with care by a medical professional.

Testosterone, as well as assisting with mood support, building physical capability, and its other positive effects, stimulates the body to produce more red blood cells. Increased blood production is beneficial in some cases, such as in anemic patients, but can result in polycythemia if not carefully monitored.

Men are more prone to developing the condition, as they are usually prescribed much higher doses of testosterone than women.

Generally, the doctor administering testosterone therapy will manage the treatment to minimize the risk of side effects such as polycythemia. If red blood cell counts creep up too high, the excess blood can be drained away using the old technique of therapeutic phlebotomy, or bloodletting.

Removing a single pint of blood is usually enough to bring red blood cell counts back to normal. The blood can also be donated to a blood bank, if the patient’s blood is eligible.

Repeated bloodletting sessions are indicated in some cases if polycythemia recurs.

The effects of therapeutic phlebotomy are immediate, since they involve the physical removal of blood from the body. Symptoms such as high blood pressure subside instantly, and most patients report feeling better right away.

Testosterone and Hematocrit levels

Due to the instance of polycythemia in patients receiving testosterone replacement therapy, regular follow-up testing is extremely important even after the treatments are complete. Among other measurements, doctors will measure the Hematocrit and Hemoglobin in patients who have received testosterone treatments.

This measures the quantity of red blood cells in the body, or hematocrit, a component of the blood.  When this is too high, the blood becomes thicker or more viscus and if not managed properly could put more strain on the body.  Ensuring blood cell count and hematocrit levels remain within the normal range is important to anyone’s health, but especially so for recipients of testosterone therapy.

Medications are often used for long-term management of hematocrit levels, as well as therapeutic phlebotomy sessions if hematocrit rises too high.

Other Benefits of Therapeutic Phlebotomy

As well as effectively managing polycythemia, bloodletting is sometimes used as a treatment for hypertension, or high blood pressure. Removing a pint of blood has been shown to decrease blood pressure and “bad” cholesterol levels, during a study performed at Immanuel Hospital in Berlin.

The inspiration for the study was the finding that regular blood donors had a reduced instance of high cholesterol, as well as reduced risk of coronary disease and stroke.

The idea that removing blood from the body would reduce blood pressure seems obvious in retrospect. The technique is an ancient one, but still has merit today under controlled circumstances.

Different studies have also shown that therapeutic phlebotomy can aid diabetics in controlling blood sugar levels.

Finally, most patients report increased energy levels and feelings of health after bloodletting. Although this is not necessarily a reason to receive the treatment in and of itself, patients and doctors alike often consider it a nice bonus.

Do You Need Help?

Hormone Therapeutics is the leading national company assisting men who want to get their lives back through Hormone Replacement and Testosterone Replacement therapy. Our local physicians are ready to treat you anywhere in the entire country. Hormone Therapeutics is pioneering an easier, cost efficient and more private way for you to work with our clinical advisors and physicians from the privacy of your home or office after your local physical exam confirms you have one of the symptoms of Low T.

Contact us today and our clinical seo advisors will work with you on a hormone therapy program that may include prescribed hormones, exercise, nutrition and sleep programs to reclaim your vitality.

Here’s How Bloodletting Help Manage Polycythemia and Hematocrit levels Caused by Testosterone Replacement

Saleamp Design April 15th, 2016

Posted In: Testosterone Therapy

Tags: , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Comment

testosteroneA study has shown that serum testosterone concentration in men may have links to fitness and health levels that can serve as an indicator of general health. These studies are exploring how testosterone content may affect all-cause mortality in older men and what it may mean for men as they age.

Testosterone Concentration in Men

Testosterone (T) is a hormone produced by males in the testicles after a communication pathway called the HPA axis from the hypothalamus to the pituitary gland through the adrenals and to the gonads. While it is also present by women, it is produced in much higher concentrations in men. It is responsible for maintaining energy, bone density, muscles mass, sperm production and sex drive, along with other traits, and is associated with maintaining many of the characteristics associated with men. 

The level of T concentration in men peaks and declines at given points in their lifetime. In general, serum T concentration is highest in adolescence and young adulthood, when it is at its peak. However, as men age, its levels commonly undergo a steady decline. Men peak at age and experience a range of one to two percent decline in their  concentration.

Testosterone levels and their links to health

Scientists have been exploring possible links of testosterone as an indicator of men’s health conditions, studying the correlation of low T with general health and mortality.

One study has discovered that while a decline in men’s T levels of one to two percent is considered normal, a sudden and immediate drop in testosterone concentration may be associated with an increased probability of mortality. Based on observations, a low level of serum testosterone concentration in men is seen as associated with risk factors such as diabetes and cardiovascular problems. However, while these conditions may be associated with illnesses and premature death, the FDA is not saying they see a direct causational effect between decreasing testosterone and longevity.

Scientific Testosterone Studies

Currently, available studies tackling the topic have produced mixed results. In one study researching a sample of 794 men, it was concluded that men whose testosterone levels were in the lowest quartile of test subjects were at a 40% greater risk of mortality in comparison to those men who had higher levels. A 15 year study of US military veterans also showed that men with low T levels, treated under physician guidance and supplemented back to normal levels above 500, had lower incidence of heart attack, stroke, prostate cancer and death.

In an effort to consolidate all the data and results from these previous researches, a newer study examined multiple works from 1966 to 2010 in order to gain a clearer and more definitive understanding of testosterone levels and mortality. In addition to testosterone levels, it also took into account lifestyle factors, age and other characteristics that may affect results.

Low Testosterone and Higher Mortality or Cardiovascular Risk

Ultimately, the research concluded that a decline in total testosterone was linked with cardiovascular mortality by 25% and with higher susceptibility to general, all-cause mortality by 35%.

The study did note that other factors may influence the relative risk that was determined in the study. Among these, researchers noted the age of the population studied, the total testosterone level and the amount of years the patient followed up as possible sources of differences within the study. The study also observed the most susceptible demographics for larger relative risks. These included patients with lower levels of testosterone, older men and patients who followed up for a smaller amount of years.

As a conclusion, the data gathered from this research establishes low T as a possible basis or indicator of general health in men. However, while it may be seen as a marker of higher susceptibility to all-cause mortality, it is not strictly a direct source of it. Overall, there remains much to be learned about the two.

Hormone Therapeutics

Aside from being and indicator of one’s general well-being, testosterone levels and hormone balance are traits that can greatly affect one’s quality of life. As men age, it becomes important to monitor these factors in order to gain a better idea of one’s health and fitness.

Hormone Therapeutics specializes in assisting people with endocrine-related concerns in order to help them monitor and regulate the level of hormones in their bodies. If you have any inquiries regarding your testosterone level and what it means for you, Hormone Therapeutics can help you jumpstart your life and provide you with the answers you need.

Testosterone Levels’ Link to General Health in Men

Saleamp Design April 12th, 2016

Posted In: Testosterone Therapy

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Comment

Next Page »
FREE EBOOK Download – Naturally Increase Testosterone Levels
Startup Health